Pentagon unveils policy focused on deterring Russian Federation with smaller nukes

Pentagon unveils policy focused on deterring Russian Federation with smaller nukes

Pentagon unveils policy focused on deterring Russian Federation with smaller nukes

The content of the United States' new nuclear doctrine released on Friday causes deep disappointment in Moscow, Russia's Foreign Ministry said in a commentary on Saturday, APA reports quoting TASS.

The review says it candidly addresses the challenges posed by "Russian, Chinese and other states' strategic policies, programs and capabilities, particularly nuclear".

The Trump administration outlined sweeping changes in US nuclear strategy Friday, calling for two new types of nuclear weapons and warning for the first time that in "extreme circumstances" the USA could use nuclear weapons in response to non-nuclear attacks on infrastructure and civilians. He repeated that promise Tuesday during his State of the Union speech.

The 74-page NPR summary that was released Friday called North Korea a "clear and grave threat", and stated that any attack by the Kim Jong-un regime against the US or its allies will bring about "the end of that regime". It asserts that any North Korean nuclear attack against the USA or its allies will result in "the end of that regime".

While the previous review, in former President Barack Obama's first term, had called for a modernisation of the U.S. nuclear capability, the more aggressive stance stands at odds with Mr Obama's administration and fits Mr Trump's "peace through strength" world view.

US officials say the Russian program includes a drone-type device fired underwater with the potential of traveling thousands of miles and the capability of striking USA targets along the coast, including military bases and cities. "We state with regret that the U.S. justifies its policy for a massive buildup of nuclear forces and an alleged increasing role of nuclear weapons in Russia's doctrines. I take seriously my responsibility to work through the Senate Appropriations Committee to identify the funds necessary to ensure our nuclear deterrent retains the power, credibility and flexibility to deter attacks on the United States and our allies".

The report drew blistering criticism from arms control groups for mentioning cyberattacks as an incident that might provoke a USA nuclear strike.

Lisbeth Gronlund, a senior scientist at the Union of Concerned Scientists, said: 'President Trump is embarking on a reckless path - one that will reduce United States security both now and in the longer term'. She said the administration is blurring the line between nuclear and conventional war-fighting.

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The strategy, described in a 75-page review released by the Pentagon, constitutes one of the most significant revisions of US nuclear strategy since the Cold War, one aimed at aggressively countering nuclear-armed Russian Federation and North Korea as well as terrorist groups seeking to acquire nuclear arms. The previous similar document was approved under President Barack Obama in 2010.

But just last month, the board's proposal became USA policy. "Moscow has repeatedly stated its intention to meet those limits on time, and we have no reason to believe that that won't be the case", State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said Thursday. This NPR defines extreme circumstances to include significant non-nuclear strategic attacks and those are further defined as including attacks on U.S., allied, or partner civilian populations or infrastructure, United States or allied nuclear forces, their command and control, or warning and attack assessment capabilities. To this end, the NPR contains some strong but sensible language-first and foremost, by making clear that Russian Federation will not be able to use nuclear weapons and escape consequences that would be worse than any gain Moscow might hope to achieve.

"That's why the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons bans all nuclear weapons, and the threatening of their use". But Trump sees a fuller deterrent role for these weapons, as reflected in the plan to develop new capabilities to counter Russian Federation in Europe.

"Expanding flexible USA nuclear options now, to include low-yield options, is important for the preservation of credible deterrence against regional aggression", according to the Nuclear Posture Review.

"Our goal is to convince adversaries they have nothing to gain and everything to lose from the use of nuclear weapons", Jim Mattis, defence secretary, said in the review document, arguing that more usable tactical nuclear weapons would deter adversaries and raise the threshold for enemy attack.

The recommendations in the review, if implemented, will result in a safer world.

One difference is a plan to modify a small amount of submarine-launched nuclear warheads with less powerful options.

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